People can evacuate areas to be flooded. In areas where good quality data is available, the intensity and height of a flood can be predicted with fairly good accuracy and plenty of lead time. The student disaster management team can put together information to pass on to other students and create posters to hang in the school hallways reminding students of rules and emergency exits.
Impact phase contains three components: Rainfall intensity is the second most important factor for watersheds of less than approximately 30 square miles or 80 square kilometres.
This intensity will be less than the actual peak intensity if the duration of the rainfall event was less than the fixed time interval for which measurements are reported.
Develop posters and skits for awareness generation in your school. Some of the possible reasons for such huge discharge of water could be: However, these require efforts at a much larger level.
The leading edge of the flood thus advances more slowly than later and higher flows. Structures, such as bridges, that must unavoidably be in flood hazard areas should be designed to withstand flooding.
During these drills, students can assist teachers by retrieving or delivering class lists, taking attendance and helping maintain order. Each topic presents distinct yet related questions with varying scope and scale in time, space, and the people involved.
Government departments there now recognize it is their shared responsibility, and are working together to address the risk of flooding. This could be a model for others.
For some fish species, an inundated floodplain may form a highly suitable location for spawning with few predators and enhanced levels of nutrients or food. However, inthe Valley grappled with yet another major flood, which mainly affected parts of what is today Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.
Two years later, in Septemberanother major flood hit the state, with nearly people losing their lives. This will give the Government the evidence to identify whether to mainstream disaster risk into development initiatives and how to do it.
Flood forecasting Main articles: The increase in flow may be the result of sustained rainfall, rapid snow melt, monsoonsor tropical cyclones. Flood waters typically inundate farm land, making the land unworkable and preventing crops from being planted or harvested, which can lead to shortages of food both for humans and farm animals.
Utility services might have to be turned off, for the fear of electrocution, as, there is water everywhere. And given the fact that dams would be essential to control floods, holding back water would also be detrimental.
Duration, intensity, and frequency of rainfall events are important to flood prediction. Wetlands act as a sponge, and their loss is bound to have serious repercussions. Examples include outburst floods and lahars.
However, sometimes, flooding is very local, i. This includes loss of drinking water treatment and water supply, which may result in loss of drinking water or severe water contamination.
According to the Centre for Science and Environment, over the last century more than 50 per cent of the lakes, ponds and wetlands of Srinagar have been encroached upon. As a result, the rising limb of the hydrograph becomes ever quicker as the flood moves downstream, until the flow rate is so great that the depletion by wetting soil becomes insignificant.
Now, once the rainfall is stopped, the water levels in the streets etc. The cloudburst, which occurred on 6 Augusttriggered flash floods in the area after a night of heavy downpour. This is a clear example, how human activity can amplify the process of flooding. The time of concentration defines the critical duration of peak rainfall for the area of interest.
Snakes and other creatures:The Valley also recorded major floods at the turn of the century, with the most devastating one coming 10 years after the disaster.
The floods, which in the day were classified as the “greatest flood ever known”, came down the Valley and Srinagar on 23 Julyconverting the city into “a whole lake”.
Article shared by. Short Paragraph on Disaster Management in India. The term disaster management includes all aspects of preventive and protective measures, preparedness, and organisation of relief operations for mitigating the impact of disaster on human beings and socioeconomic aspects of the disaster prone areas.
Search Results. Disaster Management 1. General. A disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of a society, causing widespread human, material, or. Disaster Management Floods Floods refer to huge amount of water reaching land in a short span of time, causing land surface to be submerged under water – at places, where, land surface is usually not covered with water.
Disaster management is the process of creating strategies aimed at limiting vulnerability to hazards and manages disasters such as natural disasters.
Due to geographic, climatic and demographic changes in our surroundings, several countries such as India and Japan are prone to severe natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, heat and cold. Role of Students in Disaster Management – Training for Students When the students are trained well, they can help in rehabilitation and resettlement of victims at times of floods, earthquakes and drought etc.Download