Education serves capitalist society by dividing people into social classes. DurkheimKarl MarxMax WeberStructural FunctionalismSymbolic Interaction ismThe Conflict Theory Functionalism versus the Conflict Theory versus Symbolic Interactionism Functionalism, the conflict theory and symbolic interactionism are three distinct and common sociological perspectives that share differences and similarities due to the methods in which they evaluate society.
Each system institution--family, church, education, economics, etc--adds to the equilibrium of the whole system. Conflict theory comprehends the society through the social conflicts that arise due to the inequality that prevail among different social classes.
In sociology, a system is said to be social equilibrium when there is a dynamic working balance among its interdependent parts. Personal Opinion I appreciate functionalism the most and disapprove some aspects of the other theories.
If one becomes dysfunctional, this not only affects that institution but also the very social system as well.
The sociological conflict perspective opposes the functionalist perspective in that it describes society as a system wherein different sectors compete for power and resources, with one set of groups and interests dominating other sets of groups and interests.
On the other hand, Marxism uses the building analogy to show how the economy is the base of all aspects in society and how the superstructure develops according to how the economy develops.
In other disciplines such as anthropology, also this can be understood through the study of human culture, lifestyles, and behavior. To functionalists, even bad things like crime and deviance actually help to keep our society stable.
Conflict perspective is traced to the works of Karl Marx who saw the historic, economic stages society goes through as leading to deepening divisions between those who hold the means of production and those who are put to work by them to earn wages for their labor.
Marxism wakes us and gets us to understand more on the exploitations we are exposed to. It was founded by Karl Marx who believed strongly in communism.
Conflict theory stresses competition. Marxism, on the other hand, uses a building analogy whereby the base of the building is the economy and other institutions in society are above the base and are called superstructures.
Definitions of Functionalism and Conflict Theory: This contributes to the social reward and sanction theory.
One looks for harmony and equilibrium, while the other sees conflict, inequality and domination. Lastly, sociologists Max Weber and George Herbert Mead influenced symbolic interactionism, an idea that is stemmed from symbols.Functionalism, also called structural-functional theory, sees society as a structure with interrelated parts designed to meet the biological and social needs of the individuals in that society.
Functionalism grew out of the writings of English philosopher and biologist, Hebert Spencer (–), who saw similarities between society and the. Jan 03, · Even though all three sociological perspectives help view society, each one has individual differences and similarities between each other. Theoretically, both functionalism and the conflict theory are macro-sociological insights that widely comprehend society’s larger elements, such as institutions.
Someone with a functionalist perspective of society believes it is a complicated system that seeks equilibrium or balance of all its elements. Rather than seeking conflict, this perspective believes that society seeks to work together much as the human body parts work together to make a person take action.
Functionalism has given a useful understanding of society, despite its limitations. Functionalists describe society using an organic analogy; they say society is like a biological organism. Parsons found three similarities between society and an organism.
Functionalism and Conflict theory use a macro approach in understanding the society. The key difference between functionalism and conflict theory is that, in functionalism, the society is understood as a system consisting of different subsections that.
‘Marx believed that our society was in a state of continual conflict between the working class and upper class; evaluate the Marxist theory of social class using Functionalism and Postmodernism theories of class’.
Compare and contrast Marxist and functionalist explanations of class and.Download