Post-traumatic stress disorder is a disorder that affects many people, many of who suffer in silence. Research has shown that crisis intervention immediately after a traumatic event may reduce some symptoms and possibly prevent the development of the disorder. With delayed onset, the symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic experience, and the prognosis is often worse.
Veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan since have sought mental health treatment at higher rates than those returning from other deployments, such as Bosnia.
This triggers hormone-induced changes in the body that prepare a fight or flight mechanism as a response to the situation. Situations, objects or words that are memories of the stressful event can also trigger this. Traumatic events may be natural or human caused. Reexperiencing symptoms may appear as intrusive and persistent flashback memories, nightmares, or frightening recurring thoughts, particularly when exposed to triggering events or objects associated with the trauma.
Veterans are also at high risk for PTSD. Signs and Symptoms Re-experiencing a traumatic event: Anyone suffering from this disorder should ensure a professional who is well versed on matters with post-traumatic stress disorder treats them. If you need a custom essay or research paper on this topic please use our writing services.
This is known as acute stress disorder ASD. Women are more than twice as likely as men Counseling and psychotherapy remain the safest way to cure a Post traumatic stress disorder symptoms and effects on people essay of this disorder. Early diagnosis, assessment, and treatment are essential to diminishing the effects of trauma.
For example, 35 percent of children diagnosed with cancer and 58 percent of children who experienced both physical and sexual abuse meet the criteria for PTSD. Complete recovery occurs within 3 months for about half of those diagnosed with PTSD; however, many individuals have symptoms lasting longer than 12 months after the trauma.
Although PTSD symptoms often begin within 3 months of the trauma, some individuals experience delayed onset, where symptoms appear months or even years after the trauma and may reoccur. Depending on the duration and severity of the symptoms, some combination of individual psychotherapy to address the symptoms, peer support groups, and medication is effective in treating PTSD.
Both of these are antidepressants that are also used in the treatment of depression. After the September 11,attacks on the World Trade Center, the New York State Office of Mental Health provided free crisis counseling services to people in New York City and the surrounding counties, including those not typically served by public mental health services.
Avoidance and numbing symptoms: Prevalence rates of PTSD among children and adolescents range from 3 to 14 percent in community samples. Given the number of troops deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan in recent years, the number of veterans with PTSD will likely increase significantly.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Stathmin, a protein used in formation of fear memories; Gastrin-releasing peptide GRPa chemical which is released by the brain during emotionally charged events; and a gene which controls serotonin levels, which is a chemical related to mood and also fuels the fear response.
This causes an individual to alter her or his individual routine. PTSD is a debilitating condition that can affect anyone at any age and has significant consequences for well-being and functioning.
Avoidance symptoms include emotional numbness and persistent efforts to avoid stimuli associated with the trauma. This flexibility on the part of the state mental health agency allowed many more individuals to receive help than would normally have been possible.
Increased anxiety and emotional arousal symptoms; these symptoms are usually constant, as they are not triggered by specific events or reminders of an incident. It is important to note that children and adolescents may have different responses to trauma depending on their developmental stage, and their symptoms may change over time.
PTSD often goes undiagnosed for a variety of reasons, particularly if the traumatic events are not readily apparent or occurred in the past. Although prediction of such traumatic events is not possible, preparation by local, state, and federal governmental agencies to quickly respond can be effective to mitigate the effects of trauma.
Co-occurring disorders such as major depressive disorder and alcohol or other substance abuse often accompany PTSD. Scientists specialized on post-traumatic stress disorder have identified genes that produce: A person may feel tense, angry, and stressed.
This allows for recognition that PTSD is a medical disorder that occurs under extreme traumatic stress and opens the pathway for effective treatment. Increased arousal symptoms include sleep disturbance, irritability, difficulty concentrating, hypervigilance, and exaggerated startle response that did not exist before the trauma.
Treatment The chief remedy for this disorder is medications, psychotherapy, or both. Patients sometimes visit their primary care physician with symptoms such as headaches, gastrointestinal problems, immune system problems, chest pain, or dizziness.
Some of these traumatic events may occur at one point in time or may be ongoing, with repeated exposure to the trauma.
More than 3 months after returning from Iraq, 17 percent of veterans reported mental health problems and 12 percent met the criteria for PTSD. Once properly identified, PTSD is usually treated with cognitive-behavioral therapy to help individuals change their thoughts and actions and learn new coping skills to manage the symptoms that may be affecting their quality of life.Essay Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) has been the focus of considerable attention, and some controversy, since it was formally recognised in by the American Psychiatric Association.
Post-traumatic stress disorder is a long-lasting consequence of incredibly traumatic events that overwhelm a person’s ability to cope. Most people who have been exposed to traumatic events develop feelings of anger, shock, fear, guilt, and anxiety.
These are completely normal reactions to an unnatural event and will fade over time. However, most of the veterans were faced with a number of psychological and social challenges.
Following the Great War, most of the Vietnam veterans were diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder. On the other hand, those who were not diagnosed with the disorder, battled with the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (Cordesman, 27).
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Essay Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder that may develop after experiencing or witnessing a traumatic, violent, or life-threatening event. Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is defined as a type of disorder involving impaired functioning following exposure to a traumatic experience, such as combat, rape or other physical assault, technological or natural disasters.
3/5(6). This essay has looked at Post-traumatic stress disorder; Specific reference was made to the Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Treatment, Stress- Diathesis Model and PTSD on other disorders.Download