PEP is a treatment lasting 4 weeks, a total of 28 days. Seek the help of a therapist if you suffer from depression or anxiety. Symptoms In its early stages, HIV infection often causes transient flu-like symptoms, such as fever, sore throat, rash, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, muscle aches, headaches, and joint pain.
Prevention HIV infection can be passed from person to person in any of the following ways: Safer sex The most common way for HIV to spread is through anal or vaginal sex without a condom. The fewer CD4 T cells you have, the weaker your immune system becomes.
PrEP is a combination of two drugs available in pill form.
The ones who do may suffer from flu-like symptoms. A person who has been exposed to HIV should contact their healthcare provider about obtaining post-exposure prophylaxis PEP. If you have long-lasting headache, cough, diarrhea, skin sores or are having fevers or losing weight, let your doctor know.
Persistent white spots or unusual lesions on your tongue or in your mouth Persistent, unexplained fatigue Skin rashes or bumps When to see a doctor If you think you may have been infected with HIV or are at risk of contracting the virus, see a health care provider as soon as possible.
Antiretroviral therapy ART involves taking two or more drugs from several classes. Surround themselves with loved ones. It can take a few months for these tests to become positive. To make the diagnosis of HIV infection, however, laboratory tests are needed.
People with AIDS have such badly damaged immune systems that they get an increasing number of severe illnesses, called opportunistic illnesses.
Many studies have shown that people with high levels of virus in the blood the viral load will progress more rapidly to AIDS. Today, testing can detect HIV infection much earlier than testing could in the past. The experimental vaccine is an updated version of one used in a trial that took place in Thailand.
Numerous combinations can be made depending on patient and doctor preference. Infected individuals are also educated about the disease process, and attempts are made to improve the quality of their life.
These symptoms usually disappear within a week to a month and are often mistaken for those of other viral infections.
Your risk of HIV increases if you have multiple sexual partners. Today, someone diagnosed with HIV and treated before the disease is far advanced can live nearly as long as someone who does not have HIV. Employers are not allowed to discriminate based on HIV status.
Occupational transmission of HIV to health-care workers is extremely rare, and the proper use of safety devices minimizes the risk of exposure while caring for patients with HIV.
It is important to take care of yourself. Diagnosis Your doctor will ask about possible HIV risk factors, such as previous sexual partners, intravenous drug use, blood transfusion and occupational exposure to blood, such as accidentally being stuck by needles.
Abstain from oral, vaginal, and anal sex. Microbicides—gels, creams, or foams—that women could use to protect themselves against HIV. During this time, HIV infection may not show up on an HIV test, but people who have it are highly infectious and can spread the infection to others.
Other prevention methods Other steps to help prevent the spread of HIV include: Some of the currently available antiretroviral drugs include: African American men are six times more likely to be infected with HIV than white men and African American women are 18 times more likely to be infected with HIV than white women.
If you think you have been exposed to HIV through sex or drug use and you have flu-like symptoms, seek medical care and ask for a test to diagnose acute infection. Use a new condom every time you have anal or vaginal sex.
You may want to tell close friends and family about your condition. Only water-based lubricants should be used with latex condoms; petroleum jelly dissolves latex.
Only condoms made of latex should be used. Anyone of any age, race, sex or sexual orientation can be infected. Cobicistat and ritonavir inhibit the breakdown of other drugs, so they are used as boosters to reduce the number of pills needed.
It contains efavirenz, emtricitabine and tenofovir. The second stage of HIV is called clinical latency. Therefore, seeing a physician as early as possible before or during pregnancy to discuss ART medications is crucial.Early testing, recognition of the signs and symptoms of HIV infection, and starting treatment for HIV as soon as possible can slow the growth of HIV, prevent AIDS, and decrease the risk of transmission to another person.
HIV/AIDS - an easy to understand guide covering causes, diagnosis, symptoms, treatment and prevention plus additional in depth medical information. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) weakens the body's immune defenses by destroying CD4 (T-cell) lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell.
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It is the virus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS if not treated. Unlike some other viruses, the human body can’t get rid of HIV completely, even with treatment. The symptoms of HIV and AIDS vary, depending on the phase of infection.
Primary infection (Acute HIV) Most people infected by HIV develop a flu-like illness within a month or two after the virus enters the body.
HIV Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention. Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a very serious virus that leads to the deterioration of the body’s immune system.
It is primarily associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, better known as AIDS, and is a fatal viral infection. In this article, we explain HIV and AIDS, their symptoms, causes, and treatments. Overview HIV is a virus that attacks immune cells called CD-4 cells, which are a .Download